AFGHANISTAN: The World’s Most Dangerous Place for Mothers

AFGHANISTAN (South Central Asia)                                 

Population:  30.4 million

Fertility Rate:  6.6 children  born /woman (the highest in Asia)

Life Expectancy:  49.72 years

Infant mortality:  121.63 deaths/1,000 live births

Maternal mortality:  1400 deaths /100,000 live births

Male/Female Ratio:  1.03 male(s)/female

Major Religions:  Islam (99.7% of the total population)

– Over 85% of Afghan women are illiterate and 70% of school age girls do not attend classes for several reasons: from lack of security for fear of their life, to conservative parents.

– Afghan children, along with Sub-Saharan Africa have the highest risk of death worldwide.  One in five dies before the age of 5.

-Afghanistan is the world’s drug problem.  There are about 900,000 drug users in Afghanistan.  About 8% of the adult population is using narcotics.  

-Afghanistan produces 92 percent of the world’s opium, which is the raw material for heroin. Heroin from Afghanistan has created a market worth $65 billion, catering to 15 million addicts, and causing up to 100,000 deaths a year.  The opium produced and sold here and its derivatives, including heroin, are among the most potent on earth.

 – In 2003, Afghanistan was the first Muslim country to ratify the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), without any reservations.

 Sources:

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/af.html

http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/afghanistan_statistics.html

http://www.news.va/en/news/asiaafghanistan-maternal-and-infant-mortality-rate

http://www.aolnews.com/2010/06/21/un-drug-addiction-rates-soaring-in-afghanistan/

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/jul/11/family-planning-struggle-to-access-contraception

http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/12/12/us-afghanistan-maternity-fb-idUSTRE7BB0FJ20111212

http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,2094031,00.html

http://southasia.oneworld.net/todaysheadlines/afghanistan-faces-highest-maternal-mortality-worldwide