AFGHANISTAN (South Central Asia)
Population: 30.4 million
Fertility Rate: 6.6 children born /woman (the highest in Asia)
Life Expectancy: 49.72 years
Infant mortality: 121.63 deaths/1,000 live births
Maternal mortality: 1400 deaths /100,000 live births
Male/Female Ratio: 1.03 male(s)/female
Major Religions: Islam (99.7% of the total population)
– Over 85% of Afghan women are illiterate and 70% of school age girls do not attend classes for several reasons: from lack of security for fear of their life, to conservative parents.
– Afghan children, along with Sub-Saharan Africa have the highest risk of death worldwide. One in five dies before the age of 5.
-Afghanistan is the world’s drug problem. There are about 900,000 drug users in Afghanistan. About 8% of the adult population is using narcotics.
-Afghanistan produces 92 percent of the world’s opium, which is the raw material for heroin. Heroin from Afghanistan has created a market worth $65 billion, catering to 15 million addicts, and causing up to 100,000 deaths a year. The opium produced and sold here and its derivatives, including heroin, are among the most potent on earth.
– In 2003, Afghanistan was the first Muslim country to ratify the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), without any reservations.