In the past two decades, the African continent has seen some of the most impressive falls in child mortality rates, defined as the number of deaths of children under 5 per 1,000 live births. At the rate of more than 4.4% average decline a year, 12 countries are in good shape to meet the millennium development goal (MDG) of reducing child mortality rate by two thirds, according.
Two things are worth noting about this encouraging African phenomenon: (1) there is no single obvious cause and (2) child mortality has been falling across the board regardless of birthrates. This will seem counter-intuitive to those who believe that the road to development must inevitably lead through reducing population growth. to The Economist.