INDONESIA (South East Asia)
Population: 248.6 million (the world’s fourth most populous country)
More than 30% of the population is between 19 and 24 years old.
Fertility Rate: 5.5 children/woman (1970s) vs. 2.1 children/woman (2010)
Life Expectancy: 52 years (1970s) vs. 69 years (2010)
Infant mortality: 26.99 deaths / 1000 live births
Male/Female Ratio: 1.00 male / female
Major Religions: Islam
– Indonesia has the fastest rate of deforestation in the world, with an area of forest equivalent to 300 soccer pitches destroyed every hour. Indonesia has lost 72% of its intact ancient forests and half of what remains is threatened by commercial logging, mining operations, large-scale agricultural plantations and forest fires.
– Logging and the burning of forests to clear land for cultivation has made Indonesia, the world’s third largest emitter of carbon dioxide.
– Deforestation has also caused massive habitat destruction that threatens the survival of indigenous and endemic species, including 140 species of mammals and 15 species identified as critically endangered, including the Sumatran Orangutan.
– Rainforest cover has steadily declined since the 1960s when 82%t of the country was covered with forest, to 68% in 1982, to 53% in 1995, and 49% today.
– Abortion is illegal but it can be done if the pregnancy will put the mother’s life in danger or if the pregnancy is caused by rape. Although the laws in Indonesia with regard to induced abortion are relatively restrictive, they are not strictly enforced. It is estimated that an average of 2.3 million women, 30% of whom are teenagers, have abortions in Indonesian each year.
– Unwanted pregnancy among teenagers is increasing at a rate of between 150,000 and 200,000 cases annually.
– Around two million couples get married annually, while roughly 200,000 couples divorce annually. Almost 70 percent of those asking for divorces were women.
– Since 1969, family planning has been a national program. Contraceptive prevalence rate is more than 60% among married women. Injectables and oral contraceptives are widely used.
– Indonesia has an estimated 300,000 HIV/AIDS sufferers and it has one of the fastest growing infection rates in Asia.
– In 2010, 65% of newly-confirmed HIV infections were acquired through unsafe heterosexual sex between sex workers and clients, who went on to infect their wives or girlfriends. The government estimates there are 200,000 female sex workers in the country and a male clientele of 2-3 million or more. Only 10 to 15% of clients use condoms.
– Unsafe drinking water is a major cause of diarrhea, which is the second leading killer of children under five in the country and accounts for about 20% of child deaths each year.