IRAN (West Asia)
Population: 78.87 million
60 % of the Iranian population is under 30
Male/Female Ratio: 1.03 male(s)/female
Fertility Rate: 6.5 children born/woman (1970) vs. 1.7 children born/woman (2010)
Life Expectancy: 51 years (1970) vs 73 years (2010)
Infant mortality: 41.11 deaths/1,000 live births
Major Religion: Islam
– Iran has the highest rate of heroin and opium addiction per head of population in the world. According to the UN, more than 4 million of Iran’s 70 million people are addicted to drugs; one in 17 is a regular user and 20% of the Iranian population aged 15-60 is involved in drug abuse.
– There are an estimated 500,000 drug dealers in Iran, circulating narcotics with an estimated street value of $2.5 billion to 4.5 billion.
– Drug abuse is the main factor behind 60% of divorces in Iran, according to a survey.
– Out of the 170,000 people in jail in Iran, 68,000 are there for drug trafficking and 32,000 are there because they are addicts.
– Each year, 130,000 new people become addicted to drugs in this country of 70 million people. Over a six year period, a half million people received treatment in a drug program. Government spends around $1 billion annually on its war on drugs.
– Abortion has been illegal in Iran since the 1979 Islamic Revolution. The only exception is when it is necessary to save the mother’s life. About 80,000 legal and illegal abortions are made in Iran annually. About 17 percent of the country’s 1.2 million births are unwanted.
– Although not prohibited, divorce is strongly discouraged in Islam and disapproved by Iranian culture. Nevertheless, there is one divorce for every seven marriages.
– Iran’s family planning program has been modeled around the world, as it holds the record for the largest and fastest decline in fertility ever. The total fertility rate (TFR) dropped from 6 children per woman in the mid-1980s to 2.1 children per woman in 2000.
– Nearly 80 percent of married women of reproductive age use family planning; 75 percent of them use a modern method.
– About 24,000 people in Iran had been diagnosed with AIDS/HIV virus. 46.5 percent of the victims were between ages of 25 to 34 which accounted for the largest number among different age groups. Syringes used commonly for drug injection accounted for 69.7 percent of the disease
– Short-term marriage, or sigheh, is permitted under Shari’a law. These marriages can last anywhere from one hour to several years, depending on a fixed contract. Under Shari’a, these marriages require the written consent of both parties, who agree on the period of the relationship and the amount of compensation to be paid to the woman. This arrangement requires no witnesses, and no registration is needed. This form of temporary marriage, according to its proponents, is a measure for curbing free sex and controlling prostitution.