LEBANON: Smoke gets into everybody’s eyes … and lungs

 

LEBANON (West Asia)

Population: 4.1 million

Fertility Rate:  5.1 children/woman (1970) vs. 1.8 children/woman (2010)

Life Expectancy: 65 years (1970) vs. 72 years (2010)

Infant mortality: 15.32 deaths/1,000 live births

Male/Female Ratio:  0.96 male / female

Major Religions: Islam and Christianity

– Lebanon has one of the highest smoking rates in the world.  53% of adults smoke, and on the average, a Lebanese adult consumes 12.4 cigarette packs per month.  Approximately 7.8 billion cigarettes are consumed per year.

– 30% of Lebanese youth, between 13 and 15, smoke.

– An alarming 78.9% of children in Lebanon are exposed to smoke at home, and 74.9% are exposed to it outside the home.

– Second Hand Smoke (SHS) in general is blamed for causing some 600,000 premature deaths every year.

– Lebanon is one of only 5 countries in the world that dedicates more than 1% of its agricultural land to growing tobacco.  Lebanon uses approximately 3.2% of its agricultural land for tobacco cultivation. 

– Abortion is illegal under all circumstances, with one exception; that is when abortion is the only means of saving a pregnant woman whose life is placed in great danger.  However, abortion is available on demand in an underground industry involving an unofficial network of doctors.  Given its illegal status, abortion is unmonitored by the state, and with no regulation, doctors are free to charge whatever they want for the procedure, often extorting their vulnerable patients who have no protection against malpractice.

– Lebanese law does not allow single mothers to register children.  The baby will not receive the Lebanese nationality and will be recorded in the family civil register as “lakit”, the Lebanese word for bastard.

– Contraceptive prevalence rate is estimated at 58 percent.  The commonly used contraceptive methods are condoms, pills and IUDs.  

Sources:

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/le.html

http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/lebanon_statistics.html

http://www.nowlebanon.com/NewsArchiveDetails.aspx?ID=144292#ixzz26ej8fbGB
http://ctb.ku.edu/en/dothework/toolkit10-example6.aspx

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-19478690

http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Local-News/Sep/30/Secondhand-smoke-affecting-nations-youth.ashx#ixzz26eiYEWG8
http://www.nowlebanon.com/NewsArchiveDetails.aspx?ID=166610

http://www.aub.edu.lb/ifi/public_policy/rapp/rapp_research/Documents/economics_of_tobacco_lebanon/Final_Report/The_Economics_of_Tobacco_in_Lebanon.pdf

http://articles.cnn.com/2009-11-16/world/lebanon.smoking.ban_1_cigarette-smoke-public-places-second-hand-smoke?_s=PM:WORLD

http://www.unfpa.org.lb/UNFPA-LEBANON/Country-Profile.aspx

http://www.lebanonwire.com/0402/04022704DS.asp
http://www.mulabi.org/epu/9th%20round/Lebanon.pdf

http://www.nowlebanon.com/NewsArchiveDetails.aspx?ID=27425

www.un.org/esa/population/publications/abortion/doc/lebanon.doc

http://english.al-akhbar.com/node/7025  losing the faith in search of divorce

http://www.aub.edu.lb/ifi/public_policy/rapp/rapp_research/Documents/economics_of_tobacco_lebanon/Final_Report/The_Economics_of_Tobacco_in_Lebanon.pdf

www.un.org/esa/population/publications/abortion/doc/lebanon.doc

http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.DYN.MORT/countries

http://worldnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/09/06/13709923-smoking-ban-leaves-lebanese-fuming

http://www.nowlebanon.com/NewsArchiveDetails.aspx?ID=332471