NEPAL: Thousands of Girls Live The Nightmare of Human Trafficking

                       

NEPAL  (South Asia)

Population: 29.89 million

More than 39% of the population is below 15 years of age

Male/Female Ratio:   0.96 male /female

Fertility Rate:  6.1 children born/woman (1970) vs. 2.7 children born/woman (2010)

Life Expectancy:  43 years (1970) vs. 68 years (2010)

Infant mortality:  43.13 deaths / 1000 live births

Major Religions:  Hinduism, Buddhism

– Every year around 10,000 Nepalese girls, most between the age of nine and 16, are sold to brothels in India.  This is the busiest “slave traffic” of its kind anywhere in the world.  More than 200,000 Nepalese girls are involved in the Indian sex trade.

– The Nepali government legalized abortion in 2002.  Legal abortion services are now offered in nearly 500 governmental, nongovernmental and private centers in all of Nepal’s 75 districts.  Since abortion gained its legal status, nearly 50,000 women have undergone “safe” abortion in Nepal.

– Divorce became legal in Nepal in 1963 under the Country Code.

 – 60% of Nepalese women were married by the time they reached 18 years old.

 – Last May 2012, Nepal granted separate recognition to its community of sexual minorities based on their gender identities.  It now provides citizenship under the “others” category to members of the nation’s lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and inter-sex (LGBTI) community.

– The Family Planning Association of Nepal (FPAN) was established in 1959.  FPAN officially affiliated with International Planned Parenthood in 1960.  Contraceptive use has increased dramatically from 2.9% in 1976 to 48% in 2006.  Among the various methods, sterilization has become the most popular. 

Sources:

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/np.html

http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/nepal_nepal_statistics.html

http://www.uri.edu/artsci/wms/hughes/nepal.htm

http://www.trust.org/trustlaw/news/unsafe-illegal-abortion-persists-in-nepal-despite-legalization

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LGBT_rights_in_Nepal

http://www.english-online.at/news-articles/people/child-marriage-in-nepal.htm

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/25/nepal-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-intersex-others_n_1546879.html

 http://www.ncf.org.np/upload/files/613_en_Anand%20Tamang.pdf

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