NICARAGUA (Central America)
Population: 5.7 million
Male/Female Ratio: 0.96 male /female
Fertility Rate: 6.9 children/woman (1970s) vs. 2.6 children/woman (2010)
Life Expectancy: 54 years (1970) vs. 74 years (2010)
Infant mortality: 21.86 deaths / 1000 live births
Major Religions: Roman Catholicism, Protestants
– One third of all households in Nicaragua are single-mother families.
– One in four childbirths in the country is by a teenage mom age 15-19. Twenty-seven percent of all female Nicaraguan adolescent girls between 15 and 19 are either pregnant or have given birth – this is highest teenage pregnancy rate in all of Latin America and the Caribbean.
– Every 20 minutes a Nicaraguan woman or girl falls victim to domestic violence or sexual abuse. In 2011, 370,000 women in Nicaragua reported being victims of domestic or sexual violence – 57 times higher than the World Health Organization’s definition of an epidemic.
– Nicaragua is one of a tiny handful of countries that ban abortion under all circumstances. The law allowed for no exceptions. All abortion remained a criminal offense and anyone seeking, or assisting someone seeking, an abortion risked prosecution.
– 73% of women in union currently use contraception.
– 48% of Nicaraguans live below the poverty line. 80% of the population lives with less than $2 per day. It is the second-poorest country in Latin America after Haiti.
– One million Nicaraguans have left the country to escape poverty and unemployment.
– Sex education has been introduced in the curricula by the Ministry of Education in 2008.
– Latin American cervical cancer rates are among the highest in the world; the cancer rate in Nicaragua is the second highest in Latin America.