TAIWAN (East Asia)
Population: 23.2 million
Fertility Rate: 0.09 children born/woman (the lowest fertility rate in the world)
Life Expectancy: 78.48 years
Infant mortality: 5.1 deaths/1,000 live births
Male/Female Ratio: 1.01 male(s)/female
Major Religions: Buddhism, Taoism
-Taiwan is an aging nation. In 2008, people over the age of 65 already made up 10 percent of its population. The speed of Taiwan’s aged population expansion is the second fastest in the world, only slightly behind Japan.
– Abortion was legalized in 1984. In 2000, Taiwan legalized the use of the dangerous RU-486 abortion pill.
– For every live birth, an estimated three abortions happen. It is estimated that, in less than decade, Taiwan will experience zero population growth.
– About 25 percent to 30 percent of marriages in Taiwan are ending in divorce. This is the second highest in Asia.
– Last August 2012, the first same-sex Buddhist wedding was held.
-Taiwan is the vanguard of Asia’s gay movement. Taiwan Pride, an annual gay pride parade that started in 2003, attracted more than 50,000 participants last year, making it the largest gay pride event in Asia.
– The number of HIV infections is growing, with an average of 180 people testing positive each month.
– Lung cancer is the leading cause of death. About 5 million of the population are smokers.