TIMOR-LESTE: Among Asia’s poorest of the poor

TIMOR-LESTE (South East Asia)                                 

Population: 1.14 million

Over 43% of the population is under 15 years old, and 16% are under the age of five.

Fertility Rate:  5.9 children/woman (1970s) vs. 6.2 children/woman (2010)

Life Expectancy:  40 years (1970s) vs. 62 years (2010)

Infant mortality:  36.78 deaths / 1000 live births

Male/Female Ratio:  1.03 male  / female

Major Religions:  Catholicism

– Timor-Leste is one of the countries with the highest percentage of chronically malnourished children at 54%.  It also has one of the highest stunting rates in the world, with 58% of its children suffering from moderate to severe stunted growth.  Anemia is found in about 32% of pre-school aged children.

– Seventy-eight percent of women in Timor-Leste do not give birth in a health facility.  Up to 70% of under-five children do not have a birth certificate.

 – According to the law, men can marry at 18 and women at 15.  It is accepted that a child marriage takes place in Timor-Leste, mainly in cases where a marriage has been arranged at birth or as a result of extreme poverty where ‘barlake’ (bride-price) can be agreed.

 – Over 65% of women get married between the ages of 20-24. 

 – 8 percent of adolescents began childbearing by the age of 18 and 37% by the age of 19.

– Only 8 percent of women use any contraceptive method.  Among the small number of young women who did use contraceptives, the method preferred was the injectable contraceptive.

– The country is one of Asia’s poorest nations, with 42 % of the population living below the poverty line at $US 0.55 per day or less.   They depend on subsistence farming in the hot, semi-arid land, eking out a living growing rice, coffee, corn, tapioca, sweet potatoes, soybeans, mangoes, bananas and vanilla.

 – About half the adult population is illiterate. 

Sources: 

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tt.html

http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/Timorleste_statistics.html

http://www.unicef.org/har09/files/har09_TimorLeste_countrychapter.pdf

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Timor

http://www.irinnews.org/Report/92039/TIMOR-LESTE-Chronic-malnutrition-among-world-s-highest

http://www.irinnews.org/Report/96384/TIMOR-LESTE-Making-inroads-on-birth-certificates

http://www.irinnews.org/Report/96328/ASIA-More-work-needed-to-tackle-stunting

http://www.ifrc.org/docs/appeals/annual09/MAATP00109p.pdf

http://www.womendeliver.org/updates/entry/celebrate-solutions-improving-contraceptive-use-in-timor-leste

http://siteresources.worldbank.org/NUTRITION/Resources/281846-1271963823772/TimorLeste.pdf

http://countryoffice.unfpa.org/timor-leste/2009/11/02/1482/timor-leste_democratic_republic_of/

http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2010/12/19/nation/7651604&sec=nation

http://genderindex.org/country/timor-leste

http://www.searo.who.int/LinkFiles/Fact_Sheets_timoLlaste-AHD-07.pdf

 

%d bloggers like this: