TIMOR-LESTE (South East Asia)
Population: 1.14 million
Over 43% of the population is under 15 years old, and 16% are under the age of five.
Fertility Rate: 5.9 children/woman (1970s) vs. 6.2 children/woman (2010)
Life Expectancy: 40 years (1970s) vs. 62 years (2010)
Infant mortality: 36.78 deaths / 1000 live births
Male/Female Ratio: 1.03 male / female
Major Religions: Catholicism
– Timor-Leste is one of the countries with the highest percentage of chronically malnourished children at 54%. It also has one of the highest stunting rates in the world, with 58% of its children suffering from moderate to severe stunted growth. Anemia is found in about 32% of pre-school aged children.
– Seventy-eight percent of women in Timor-Leste do not give birth in a health facility. Up to 70% of under-five children do not have a birth certificate.
– According to the law, men can marry at 18 and women at 15. It is accepted that a child marriage takes place in Timor-Leste, mainly in cases where a marriage has been arranged at birth or as a result of extreme poverty where ‘barlake’ (bride-price) can be agreed.
– Over 65% of women get married between the ages of 20-24.
– 8 percent of adolescents began childbearing by the age of 18 and 37% by the age of 19.
– Only 8 percent of women use any contraceptive method. Among the small number of young women who did use contraceptives, the method preferred was the injectable contraceptive.
– The country is one of Asia’s poorest nations, with 42 % of the population living below the poverty line at $US 0.55 per day or less. They depend on subsistence farming in the hot, semi-arid land, eking out a living growing rice, coffee, corn, tapioca, sweet potatoes, soybeans, mangoes, bananas and vanilla.
– About half the adult population is illiterate.