TURKEY (West Asia)
Population: 79.75 million
65% of the population is below 24 years of age.
Fertility Rate: 5.5 children/woman (1970s) vs. 2.1 children/woman (2010)
Life Expectancy: 50 years (1970s) vs. 74 years (2010)
Infant mortality: 23.07 deaths / 1000 live births
Male/Female Ratio: 1.02 male / female
Major Religion: Islam
– Some 2,000 students drop out of Turkey’s secondary schools every day during the educational year, and those who remain enrolled are often failing to learn key skills. 40% of girls and 25% percent of boys between the ages of 15 and 19 are neither working nor studying.
– Pre-school education reaches only about 20% of the pre-school population.
– A total of 15% of young people between the ages of 15 and 19 do not have a primary school diploma. 700,000 girls currently do not receive a primary education.
– The high school dropout rate is 73.8%.
– People receive an average of 6.5 years of schooling. Only 18% of Turks attend university education.
– Abortion has been legal in Turkey since 1983 up to 10 weeks from conception. There were roughly 70,000 abortions in 2011. United Nations statistics show Turkey’s abortion rate of 14.8 for every 1,000 women
– By the time women have reached their early thirties, 93% are or have been married.
– Contraceptive prevalence is 71%. The use of withdrawal as a contraceptive method is the most common. Modern contraceptive methods, like the IUD and condom, are also popular.
– Prostitution is legal and regulated. An estimated 3,000 women work in licensed, state-regulated brothels; another 30,000 await licenses. At one point, the female proprietor of a chain of brothels was the biggest taxpayer inTurkey.
– Prostitutes must register and acquire an ID card stating the dates of their health checks. Most sex workers, however, are unregistered. The black market brothels that make up the prostitution industry in Turkey generates over $4 billion a year.
-Turkey became the first Muslim majority country in which gay pride march is held. In Istanbul (since 2003) and in Ankara (since 2008), gay marches are being held each year with a small but increasing participation. The pride march in 2011 is considered as the biggest, with more than 10.000 participants.